Glossary

Carbohydrate: A compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen found in plants and used as a food by humans and other animals.

Chlorophyll: Green pigment found in chloroplasts that absorbs sunlight, providing the energy used in photosynthesis.

Chloroplasts: Small structures in plant cells that contain chlorophyll and in which the process of photosynthesis takes place.

Meristem: Special plant tissues that contain actively growing and dividing cells.

Phloem: Plant tissue consisting of elongated cells that transport carbohydrates and other nutrients.

Photosynthesis: Process by which sunlight is used by plants to form carbohydrates from carbon dioxide and water, releasing oxygen as a by-product.

Stomata: Pores in the surface of leaves.

Transpiration: Evaporation of water in the form of water vapor from the stomata.

Xylem: Plant tissue consisting of elongated cells that transport water and mineral nutrients